Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS

NC_013199: Lactobacillus rhamnosus Lc 705, complete genome

NCBI: NC_013199

Host Lineage: Lactobacillus rhamnosus; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, and other products such as fermented milks, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully cultivated, created, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. Lactobacillus rhamnosus is used in the manufacture of cheese and other dairy products to aid ripening and enhance flavors. This organism has also been shown to stimulate the immune system and have antibacterial activity against intestinal pathogens, indicating that it may be useful as a probiotic.

Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
1282901*30167518775Island text1.5868234.545253.5388Neighbours320BLASTN+282901.gbk
2392450*41971327264Island text1.6551829.664422.106Neighbours21BLASTN+392450.gbk
3811929*83409922171Island text1.6748539.207252.5234Neighbours320BLASTN811929.gbk
484500087770632707Island text1.7404933.858947.7565Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 845000.gbk
51150000117399223993Island text1.4777328.435130.9173Neighbours21BLASTN+1150000.gbk
61407742*143009922358Island text1.644129.547724.0711Neighbours21BLASTN1407742.gbk
71886271*190783621566Island text1.5703135.017950.9129Neighbours320BLASTN+1886271.gbk
81966334*198922322890Island text1.7270231.940423.6658Neighbours42BLASTN+1966334.gbk
92058857*209031631460Island text2.1012633.787325.8574Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 2058857.gbk
102386924241111624193Island text1.6938830.595733.0334Neighbours41BLASTN+2386924.gbk
112426686244660019915Island text1.6348929.512224.8837Neighbours41BLASTN+2426686.gbk
122536705*255640419700Island text1.6877437.552752.7937Neighbours320BLASTN2536705.gbk