Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS

NC_008526: Lactobacillus casei ATCC 334, complete genome

NCBI: NC_008526

Host Lineage: Lactobacillus casei; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain was isolated from Emmental cheese. Starter culture for milk fermentation and flavor development of cheese. They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, fermented milks, and other products, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully created, cultivated, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. Lactobacillus casei is used as a starter culture during milk fermentation and for the flavor development of certain bacterial-ripened cheeses.

Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
174500*11650442005Island text1.7051328.938325.9443Neighbours42BLASTN+IslandViewer 74500.gbk
2250000*27159921600Island text1.6793835.009752.9491Neighbours42BLASTN+250000.gbk
334344536727223828Island text1.9000941.567432.5365Neighbours42BLASTN+IslandViewer 343445.gbk
446545348785522403Island text1.5523528.199543.9974Neighbours42BLASTN+465453.gbk
550626352818721925Island text1.5548830.289442.7011Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 506263.gbk
656590259093225031Island text1.8314830.570715.0867Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 565902.gbk
7817628*83659918972Island text1.7341436.452852.3374Neighbours42BLASTN+817628.gbk
81822000*184089018891Island text1.5628835.868654.6819Neighbours42BLASTN+1822000.gbk
91924761195064625886Island text1.6039932.870349.0536Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1924761.gbk
101973500199344619947Island text1.605527.28624.8288Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1973500.gbk
112373190239665623467Island text1.4738126.854316.8169Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 2373190.gbk
122489196*251110721912Island text1.6671236.886556.3374Neighbours320BLASTN2489196.gbk