Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS

NC_014334: Lactobacillus casei str. Zhang chromosome, complete genome

NCBI: NC_014334

Host Lineage: Lactobacillus casei; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Lactobacillus casei str. Zhang was isolated from traditional home-made koumiss (fermented mare's milk) in Inner Mongolia, China. This strain has the potential probiotic properties such as high resistance to acidic pH and bile salt. They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, fermented milks, and other products, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully created, cultivated, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. Lactobacillus casei is used as a starter culture during milk fermentation and for the flavor development of certain bacterial-ripened cheeses.

Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
1370405959922560Island text1.8367429.34720.1858Neighbours21BLASTN+37040.gbk
299000*12029021291Island text1.6767529.755128.8068Neighbours42BLASTN+99000.gbk
3267409*29066923261Island text1.7672835.335654.492Neighbours42BLASTN+267409.gbk
436997439377323800Island text1.6144126.453120.8612Neighbours21BLASTN+369974.gbk
549330851458821281Island text1.6420330.939951.8059Neighbours42BLASTN+493308.gbk
658952661259823073Island text1.5508832.757824.6376Neighbours42BLASTN+IslandViewer 589526.gbk
7769205*79363824434Island text1.7453239.189650.0581Neighbours42BLASTN+769205.gbk
81039248106254923302Island text1.7737924.015123.3341Neighbours21BLASTN1039248.gbk
91775781*179812122341Island text1.5892836.923951.1443Neighbours42BLASTN+1775781.gbk
101848340*187219923860Island text1.5658827.626518.6564Neighbours42BLASTN+IslandViewer 1848340.gbk
111954333198420029868Island text1.9244533.329324.6708Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1954333.gbk
122307950232672418775Island text1.5810525.559324.0285Neighbours21BLASTN+2307950.gbk
132696000271820622207Island text1.4809625.212832.775Neighbours21BLASTN+2696000.gbk