Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS

NC_008054: Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus ATCC 11842, complete

NCBI: NC_008054

Host Lineage: Lactobacillus delbrueckii; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Originally isolated from bulgarian yogurt in 1919. Lactic acid bacterium used in the fermentation of dairy products. They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, and other products such as fermented milks, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully cultivated, created, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus is used as a starter culture for a number of fermented dairy products such as yogurt and Swiss and Italian-type cheeses, and is a thermophilic culture, where the optimum temperature is 42 C.

Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
1201075*22840527331Island text1.9765334.278116.6618Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 201075.gbk
224518426815122968Island text1.8368530.584322.116Neighbours326BLASTN+245184.gbk
3272801*29425221452Island text2.1651132.70217.9693Neighbours326BLASTN+272801.gbk
474570476810022397Island text1.4979231.292640.4739Neighbours326BLASTN745704.gbk
589944192274923309Island text1.8695432.809724.2094Neighbours21BLASTN+899441.gbk
693089095243521546Island text1.578932.607111.8047Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 930890.gbk
71030994*106151930526Island text2.0006435.892827.2662Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1030994.gbk
81117703*113633218630Island text1.9401831.821516.3814Neighbours21BLASTN+1117703.gbk
91194000*121797623977Island text1.8376135.668216.3126Neighbours326BLASTN+IslandViewer 1194000.gbk
101255219*127434819130Island text1.46131.061521.7871Neighbours326BLASTN+1255219.gbk
111502210*152919526986Island text2.606936.822317.1317Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1502210.gbk
121617544164365226109Island text1.874933.343324.9159Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1617544.gbk
131649160168970940550Island text2.5890937.660725.3278Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1649160.gbk
141815723184157425852Island text1.9244135.156720.6907Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1815723.gbk