Pre_GI Gene

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Host: NC_008054 NEIGHBOURS BLASTN Download Island sequence Download Island gene sequence(s)

NC_008054:1255219 Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus ATCC 11842, complete

Host Lineage: Lactobacillus delbrueckii; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Originally isolated from bulgarian yogurt in 1919. Lactic acid bacterium used in the fermentation of dairy products. They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, and other products such as fermented milks, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully cultivated, created, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus is used as a starter culture for a number of fermented dairy products such as yogurt and Swiss and Italian-type cheeses, and is a thermophilic culture, where the optimum temperature is 42 C.


This island contains ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

StartEndLengthCDS descriptionQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
125521912565621344Putative permeaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
12568701257652783BLASTP
12576951258618924Cysteine synthaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
12588771259353477BLASTP
12593941259645252BLASTP
125975812609391182Cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
126099812621101113BLASTP
12623771263369993Adenosine deaminaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
12635911263932342hypothetical proteinBLASTP
126422512654481224BLASTP
126557112667941224TransposaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
1266905126698884hypothetical proteinBLASTP
1266943126702684hypothetical proteinBLASTP
12670591267244186BLASTP
12673321267703372hypothetical proteinBLASTP
126780412690241221PermeaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
126927412706111338Glutamine synthetase Glutamate-ammonia ligaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
12707491271723975BLASTP
12718111271951141BLASTP
1271956127200651
12720031272929927tRNA isopentenyltransferaseQuickGO ontologyBLASTP
12730101273411402hypothetical proteinBLASTP
12734741273704231hypothetical proteinBLASTP
12737011274348648hypothetical proteinBLASTP