Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS

NC_012850: Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii WSM1325, complete genome

NCBI: NC_012850

Host Lineage: Rhizobium leguminosarum; Rhizobium; Rhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Host, Root nodule. This biovar is a symbiont of clover plants and is important commercially as it is used in the agricultural industry. Strain WSM1325 is compatible with many perennial clovers of Mediterranean origin used in farming, such as T. pratense, and is therefore one of the most important clover inoculants but is incompatible with American and African perennial clovers, such as those nodulated by the dissimilar strain WSM2304. This organism, like other Rhizobia, establishes a symbiotic relationship with a legume plant, providing nitrogen in exchange for a protected environment. The legume roots secrete flavonoids and isoflavonoids which the bacteria recognize and use to turn on genes involved in root nodulation. Many of the root nodulation genes are involved in synthesis and secretion of a nodule inducing signal, a lipochito-oligosaccharide molecule, which the plant recognizes, triggering nodule formation. The bacterium is endocytosed and exists inside a membrane bound organelle, the symbiosome, and fixes nitrogen for the plant cell while the host cell provides carbon compounds for the bacterium to grow on. The nitrogen fixation is important as it obviates the need for expensive and environmentally damaging fertilizer use.

Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
145931548320123887Island text1.6327625.700123.7207Neighbours11BLASTN+IslandViewer 459315.gbk
23454270*347928825019Island text2.3204230.011138.3589Neighbours11BLASTN+3454270.gbk
33867743*389224624504Island text2.1771231.223941.5541Neighbours11BLASTN+3867743.gbk
44422966*444529622331Island text2.1755229.779437.2789Neighbours11BLASTN4422966.gbk