Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS




NC_008529: Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus ATCC BAA-365, complete

NCBI: NC_008529

Host Lineage: Lactobacillus delbrueckii; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Lactic acid bacterium used in the fermentation of dairy products. They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, and other products such as fermented milks, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully cultivated, created, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. The subspecies bulgaricus is used as a starter culture for a number of fermented dairy products such as yogurt and Swiss and Italian-type cheeses, and is a thermophilic culture, where the optimum temperature is 42 degrees C.



Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
1197272*21886621595Island text2.0350534.832317.3308NeighboursBLASTN+IslandViewer 197272.gbk
2264000*28872224723Island text1.8720630.973419.1619Neighbours326BLASTN+IslandViewer 264000.gbk
373523376026325031Island text1.5143332.332242.6849Neighbours326BLASTN735233.gbk
4887008*95284265835Island text3.0397536.224316.0394Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 887008.gbk
5906576*97782071245Island text2.9678135.281715.8771Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 906576.gbk
6918277*94411525839Island text1.6611833.79279.16354Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 918277.gbk
71042220*107983637617Island text2.4751935.604422.8358Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1042220.gbk
81133665115246418800Island text1.6025231.09821.9454Neighbours21BLASTN1133665.gbk
91265958*128814222185Island text1.5062731.541816.9631Neighbours326BLASTN+1265958.gbk
101514000*154440330404Island text2.5129537.583221.4372Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1514000.gbk
111634403165802723625Island text1.8883932.596424.0626Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1634403.gbk
121663000169787134872Island text3.6514439.727721.5243Neighbours21BLASTN+IslandViewer 1663000.gbk