Query: NC_016011:2875747 Listeria ivanovii subsp. ivanovii PAM 55, complete genome Lineage: Listeria ivanovii; Listeria; Listeriaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Listeria ivanovii is an animal pathogen that causes abortions and stillbirths in ruminants, primarily sheep. This organism produces a number of virulence factors including hemolysin, sphingomylelinase, and phospholipase. Like other Listeria species, Listeria ivanovii is found in soil, water, and sewage.
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General Information: Isolated from forest soil near the Quabbin Reservoir in Massachusetts, USA. This organism plays an important industrial and ecological role in the anaerobic fermentation of cellulose and produces economically significant levels of acetate and ethanol. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA.