Pre_GI Island

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n1_4mer:GRV/n1_4mer:RV = (Global Relative Variance of OU patterns) / (Local Relative Variance of OU patterns)

n0_4mer:D = Distance between local and global OU patterns

n0_4mer:PS = Distance between 2 strands of same DNA molecule

Selected loci indicated by large D, increased GRV associated with decreased RV and moderate increase in PS




NC_004545: Buchnera aphidicola str. Bp (Baizongia pistaciae), complete genome

NCBI: NC_004545

Host Lineage: Buchnera aphidicola; Buchnera; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This organism is found in the aphid Baizongia pistaciae. Aphid endosymbiont. It is believed that the Buchnera provide the essential nutrients the host lacks. Besides a nutritional co-dependence, due to a co-existence of millions of years, Buchnera have lost the ability to produce cell surface components such as lipopolysaccharides. This makes for an obligate endosymbiont relationship between host and Buchnera. Buchnera are prokaryotic cells which belong to the gamma-Proteobacteria, closely related to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Phylogenetic studies using 16S rRNA indicate that the symbiotic relationship was established around 200-250 million years ago. Since Buchnera are closely related to Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae, comparative genomic studies can shed light on the evolutionary mechanisms of intracellular endosymbiosis as well as the different underlying molecular basis between organisms with parasitic behavior and symbionts.



Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

#StartEndLengthIsland TextGRV_RVDPSNeighboursClusterSub ClusterBLASTNKey Word ConfirmationOther DB ConfirmationDownload Island
115650*6959953950Island text2.4672612.49423.4523Neighbours21BLASTN15650.gbk
296422*12057224151Island text1.5975911.791725.7766Neighbours21BLASTN+96422.gbk
3141478*16560324126Island text2.9080610.612222.6398Neighbours21BLASTN141478.gbk
4229771*25209922329Island text2.9874412.004524.6924Neighbours21BLASTN229771.gbk
5392685*41484522161Island text1.6098413.841623.1666Neighbours21BLASTN392685.gbk
6499709*52921829510Island text1.6249212.609424.236Neighbours21BLASTN499709.gbk