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Query: NC_012563:2721658 Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genome

Start: 2721658, End: 2741758, Length: 20101

Host Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain was isolated from a case of infant botulism in Kyoto, Japan in 1978. This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin.Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium. Honey is the most common vehicle for infection in infants. Food poisoning through C. botulinum is the most frequent type of infection caused by this bacterium. The wound botulism that occurs when C. botulinum infects an individual via an open wound is much rarer and is very similar to tetanus disease. There are several types of botulinum toxin known (type A through type F), all of them being neurotoxic polypeptides. The most common and widely distributed are strains and serovars of C. botulinum that produce type A toxin.

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Islands with an asterisk (*) contain ribosomal proteins or RNA related elements and may indicate a False Positive Prediction!

Subject IslandStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionE-valueBit scoreVisual BLASTNVisual BLASTP
NC_007530:3616828*3616828367637859551Bacillus anthracis str. 'Ames Ancestor', complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_003997:3617000*3617000367460757608Bacillus anthracis str. Ames, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_005945:3636321*3636321368007243752Bacillus anthracis str. Sterne, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_003909:3606177*3606177364959943423Bacillus cereus ATCC 10987, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014335:3589726*3589726362559935874Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis str. CI chromosome, complete2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_006274:3697255*3697255372593028676Bacillus cereus E33L, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_011772:3787500*3787500381637528876Bacillus cereus G9842, complete genome2e-1075.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014387:1175927*1175927120709031164Butyrivibrio proteoclasticus B316 chromosome 1, complete genome2e-0661.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_015167:2068607*2068607209715528549Cellulophaga lytica DSM 7489 chromosome, complete genome6e-1073.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010520:2585014*2585014262041935406Clostridium botulinum A3 str. Loch Maree, complete genome04718BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010516:2511035*2511035254588934855Clostridium botulinum B1 str. Okra, complete genome04994BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_011898:513835*51383553654722713Clostridium cellulolyticum H10, complete genome7e-1693.7BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_014328:1405484*1405484142841522932Clostridium ljungdahlii ATCC 49587 chromosome, complete genome1e-149537BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_008262:1835613*1835613185504319431Clostridium perfringens SM101, complete genome6e-87329BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010001:3266561*3266561328620519645Clostridium phytofermentans ISDg, complete genome9e-0660BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_020291:1464500*1464500148221117712Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4(HMT), complete genome2e-71278BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_015185:1414453*1414453144663332181Desulfurobacterium thermolithotrophum DSM 11699 chromosome,2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_012778:841934*84193489007548142Eubacterium eligens ATCC 27750, complete genome2e-0661.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_003454:128000*12800015096822969Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. nucleatum ATCC 25586, complete7e-19103BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_013192:1765981*1765981178974923769Leptotrichia buccalis DSM 1135, complete genome6e-1073.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_007633:446899*44689946595419056Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum ATCC 27343, complete9e-0660BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_004432:1225077*1225077125005124975Mycoplasma penetrans HF-2, complete genome2e-0765.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_018721:86553086553088494719418Psychroflexus torquis ATCC 700755 chromosome, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_000963:83408*8340810609922692Rickettsia prowazekii str. Madrid E, complete genome6e-0763.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_006142:57571*575718059923029Rickettsia typhi str. Wilmington, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_009782:1327340*1327340135080023461Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus Mu3, complete genome9e-0660BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_004461:921364*92136495875837395Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228, complete genome1e-1179.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_007350:1551457*1551457156963918183Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. saprophyticus ATCC 15305,2e-0765.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_013515:347671*34767139636648696Streptobacillus moniliformis DSM 12112, complete genome7e-19103BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_010730:578493*57849359849320001Sulfurihydrogenibium sp. YO3AOP1, complete genome6e-1383.8BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_019970:1343670*1343670136621022541Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum M0795, complete genome1e-1489.7BLASTN svgBLASTP svg
NC_015499:1372361*1372361139316420804Thermodesulfobium narugense DSM 14796 chromosome, complete genome2e-0971.9BLASTN svgBLASTP svg