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Query: NC_003997:4473973:4473973 Bacillus anthracis str. Ames, complete genome

Start: 4473973, End: 4474269, Length: 297

Host Lineage: Bacillus anthracis; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This well studied laboratory strain (Porton isolate) is not virulent due to the loss of the two plasmids, pXO1 and pXO2. Under starvation conditions this group of bacteria initiate a pathway that leads to endospore formation, a process that is thoroughly studied and is a model system for prokaryotic development and differentiation. Spores are highly resistant to heat, cold, dessication, radiation, and disinfectants, and enable the organism to persist in otherwise inhospitable environments. Under more inviting conditions the spores germinate to produce vegetative cells. This organism was the first to be shown to cause disease by Dr. Louis Pasteur (the organism, isolated from sick animals, was grown in the laboratory and then used to infect healthy animals and make them sick). This organism was also the first for which an attenuated strain was developed as a vaccine. Herbivorous animals become infected with the organism when they ingest spores from the soil whereas humans become infected when they come into contact with a contaminated animal. PA/LF and PA/EF complexes are internalized by host cells where the LF (metalloprotease) and EF (calmodulin-dependent adenylate cyclase) components act. At high levels LF induces cell death and release of the bacterium while EF increases host susceptibility to infection and promotes fluid accumulation in the cells.

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SubjectStartEndLengthSubject Host DescriptionCDS descriptionE-valueBit score
NC_012659:4474000:447400044740004474296297Bacillus anthracis str. A0248, complete genomeminD family ATPase domain protein2e-52203
NC_007530:4474000:447410044741004474396297Bacillus anthracis str. 'Ames Ancestor', complete genomemind family atpase domain protein2e-52203
NC_005945:4473790:447464744746474474958312Bacillus anthracis str. Sterne, complete genomeminD family ATPase domain protein3e-52203
NC_011969:4396000:439645443964544396750297Bacillus cereus Q1 chromosome, complete genomemind family ATPase domain protein8e-51198