Query: UCMB5137:2418403 Bacillus atrophaeus UCMB-5137 Lineage: Bacillus atrophaeus; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Rhizosphere; Ukraine. Bacillus atrophaeus UCMB-5137 shows an extraordinary activity in root colonization and plant and crop protection. Isolated from grass rhizosphere in Ukraine in 1976. Ability to colonize plant roots and to inhibit the growth of fungal and bacterial phytopathogens on inoculated seedlings and harvested fruits.
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General Information: This strain was isolated in Canada during a study of cheese spoilage. Soil microorganism that can cause food poisoning. This organism is a soil-dwelling opportunistic pathogen that causes food poisoning in infected individuals. The rapid onset is characterized by nausea and vomiting while the late onset is characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The emetic disease is caused by a small stable dodecadepsipeptide cerulide whereas the diarrheal disease is caused by a heat labile enterotoxin. Some strains produce a potent cytotoxin that forms a pore in the membrane of eukaryotic cells and causes necrotic enteritis (death of intestinal epithelial cells) while the unique tripartite membrane lytic toxin hemolysin BL contributes to the diarrheal disease and destructive infections of the eye.