Query: NC_020387:149890 Dehalococcoides mccartyi BTF08, complete genome

Lineage: Dehalococcoides mccartyi; Dehalococcoides; Dehalococcoidaceae; Dehalococcoidales; Chloroflexi; Bacteria

General Information: This organism was isolated from environments contaminated with organic chlorinated chemicals such as tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethane (TCE), common contaminants in the anaerobic subsurface.There are at least 15 organisms from different metabolic groups, halorespirators, acetogens, methanogens and facultative anaerobes, that are able to metabolize PCE. Some of these organisms couple dehalogenation to energy conservation and utilize PCE as the only source of energy while others dehalogenate tetrachloroethene fortuitously. This non-methanogenic, non-acetogenic culture is able to grow with hydrogen as the electron donor, indicating that hydrogen/PCE serves as an electron donor/acceptor for energy conservation and growth. This organism can only grow anaerobically in the presence of hydrogen as an electron donor and chlorinated compounds as electron acceptors. Dehalococcoides ethenogenes is typically found at sites contaminated with chlorinated solvents, and have been independently isolated in dozens of sites across the USA.

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Subject: NC_007519:1782067 Desulfovibrio alaskensis G20 chromosome, complete genome

Lineage: Desulfovibrio alaskensis; Desulfovibrio; Desulfovibrionaceae; Desulfovibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This organism is a spontaneous nalidixic acid-resistant derivative of a wild-type strain (G100A) that was isolated from an oil well corrosion site. It has been cured of a 2.3 Kb cryptic plasmid as well. This organism is one of the few extensively studied sulfate-reducing bacteria.