Query: NC_020260:1184174 Cronobacter sakazakii Sp291, complete genome Lineage: Cronobacter sakazakii; Cronobacter; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This bacterium, formerly Enterobacter sakazakii, is associated with infant septicemia, meningitis, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Originally isolated from powdered formula, it has also been shown to compartmentalize cerebral ventricles and cause brain abcesses in neonates. This species produces a yellow pigment when grown at 30 degrees C, but this fades at 37 degrees C.
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General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Host. Pectobacterium carotovorum causes soft-rot diseases of various plant hosts through degradation of the plant cell walls. Formerly Erwinia, these organisms are plant-specific pathogens that invade the vascular systems of plants. Pectobacterium colonize the intercellular spaces of plant cells and deliver potent effector molecules (Avr - avirulence) through a type III secretion system (Hrp - hypersensitive response and pathogenicity). Avr proteins control host-bacterium interactions, including host range. Expression of the plant cell-wall-degrading enzymes is controlled through a quorum-sensing mechanism that quantifies the number of Pectobacterium bacteria through measurement of the concentration of small molecules (acyl homoserine lactones) produced by Pectobacterium.