Query: NC_020133:1443934 Mycobacterium liflandii 128FXT, complete genome Lineage: Mycobacterium liflandii; Mycobacterium; Mycobacteriaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: First isolated from a colony of African clawed frogs. This organism causes a fatal systemic disease in frogs often characterized by skin lesions. Mycobacterium liflandii produces a polyketide toxin mycolactone E and two highly antigenic proteins ESAT-6 and CFP-10 which account, in part, for its pathogenicity.
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General Information: This organism was used to produce the antigen which was utilized for vaccine development. Causative agent of classic bovine tuberculosis. This genus comprises a number of Gram-positive, acid-fast, rod-shaped aerobic bacteria and is the only member of the family Mycobacteriaceae within the order Actinomycetales. Like other closely related Actinomycetales, such as Nocardia and Corynebacterium, mycobacteria have unusually high genomic DNA GC content and are capable of producing mycolic acids as major components of their cell wall. This bacterium is the causative agent of classic bovine tuberculosis, but it can also cause the disease in humans, especially if contaminated milk is consumed without prior pasteurization. The Mycobacterium bovis complex is a diverse group of species, serovars and morphotypes that cause tuberculosis-like diseases in animals and humans. Pasteurization of milk is a major preventitive factor in transmission of bovine tuberculosis to humans. However, spreading the disease through milk and dairy products is still a concern in underdeveloped countries where pasteurization is not practiced.