Query: NC_019962:2189432 Natrinema pellirubrum DSM 15624, complete genome Lineage: Natrinema pellirubrum; Natrinema; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacteriales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Country: Italy; Isolation: Red heat in salted hides (spoiled fish); Temp: Mesophile. Natrinema pellirubrum, formerly Halobacterium salinarium is a halophilic archaea requiring at least 1.7 M NaCl for growth and able to grow at salt concentrations of up to 4.3 M.
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General Information: This strain was isolated as a urethral specimen from a male patient with nongonococcal urethritis. This genus currently comprizes more than 120 obligate parasitic species found in the wide spectrum of hosts, including humans, animals, insects and plants. The primary habitats of human and animal mycoplasmas are mucouse membranes of the respiratory and urogenital tracts, eyes, mammary glands and the joints. Infection that proceeds through attachment of the bacteria to the host cell via specialized surface proteins, adhesins, and subsequent invation, results in prolonged intracellular persistence that may cause lethality. Once detected in association with their eukaryotic host tissue, most of mycoplasmas can be cultivated in the absence of a host if their extremely fastidious growth requirements are met.