Query: NC_019960:1362370 Prevotella dentalis DSM 3688 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Prevotella dentalis; Prevotella; Prevotellaceae; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Host, Human oral microflora; Isolation: Human dental root canal; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C. This organism is an member of the human oral microbial community that has been isolated in association with infections of the dental root canal.
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General Information: This genus, like other Rickettsial organisms such as Neorickettsia and Anaplasma, is composed of obligate intracellular pathogens. The latter is composed of two organisms, Rickettsia prowazekii and Rickettsia typhi. The bacteria are transmitted via an insect, usually a tick, to a host organism, in this case humans, where they target endothelial cells and sometimes macrophages. They attach via an adhesin, rickettsial outer membrane protein A, and are internalized where they persist as cytoplasmically free organisms. Transovarial transmission (from mother to offspring) occurs in the invertebrate host. Rickettsia typhi causes murine typhus and is an obligate intracellular pathogen that infects both the flea vector and hosts such as human, rat, and mouse. In the flea vector, the bacterium penetrates the gut epithelial barrier and is found in the feces which become infective.