Query: NC_019940:293476 Thioflavicoccus mobilis 8321 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Thioflavicoccus mobilis; Thioflavicoccus; Chromatiaceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Marsh, Mat; Isolation: flat, laminated microbial mat. This organism is a marine bacterium which is an obligate phototrophic organism. Under anoxic conditions this organism uses hydrogen sulfide and sulfur as electron donors and accumulates sulfur globules inside the cell.
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General Information: This strain was enriched as a hydrocarbon-oxidizing chlorate-reducer from the Potomac River, Maryland, USA. This organism is the first one to have the capability of benzene oxidation in pure anaerobic culture by coupling it to nitrate reduction which is of importance due to the anaerobic environments often found in bioremediation projects. It can reduce perchlorate and chlorate to chloride. This organism may be used for bioremediation as it can oxidize aromatic hydrocarbon compounds, including benzene, in the absence of oxygen. Benzene is an important pollutant, and is used in many manufacturing processes and is a component of diesel fuel.