Query: NC_018750:6950695 Streptomyces venezuelae ATCC 10712, complete genome Lineage: Streptomyces venezuelae; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Streptomyces venezuelae strain ATCC 10712, isolated from soil in Caracas, Venezuela in about 1948, grows in a diffuse and homogenous manner in a variety of liquid media, and in some sporulates to near completion. This organism produces a number of secondary metabolites which may be of industrial or pharmaceutical interest. Soil actinomycete.
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General Information: Environment: Soil, Terrestrial; Temp: Mesophile. Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade form a gray aerial spore mass and a grayish-yellow substrate mycelium on oatmeal agar, and produce aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin.