Query: NC_018704:81733 Amphibacillus xylanus NBRC 15112, complete genome Lineage: Amphibacillus xylanus; Amphibacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Amphibacillus xylanus is an alkaliphilic microorganism that grows at pH 8 - 10. This organism is also able to digest xylan aerobically and anaerobically. Facultative anaerobic, spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from alcaline compost of manure with grass and rice straw.
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General Information: This strain (82-40) was isolated from the blood of a human patient who was having a renal transplant and is the best characterized isolate of this species.. The ratio of bloodstream infection to diarrheal illnesses for C. fetus is nearly 400-fold higher than for C. jejuni, indicating its marked propensity for invasive disease compared to C. jejuni. Causes infertility, infectious abortions in cattle, opportunistic human pathogen. This organism causes infertlity and infectious abortions in domesticated sheep, goats and cattle. It is an opportunistic pathogen in humans which can severely affect immunocompromised patients. Initially the bacterium can cause gastroenteritis, and then spread systemically throughout the blood (bacteremia) and cause septicemia, meningitis, and other systemic infections. This layer is essential for host colonization, and prevents complemented-mediated immune responses by inhibiting complement C3b binding.