Query: NC_018704:81733 Amphibacillus xylanus NBRC 15112, complete genome Lineage: Amphibacillus xylanus; Amphibacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Amphibacillus xylanus is an alkaliphilic microorganism that grows at pH 8 - 10. This organism is also able to digest xylan aerobically and anaerobically. Facultative anaerobic, spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from alcaline compost of manure with grass and rice straw.
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General Information: This strain was isolated at Penn State University, USA and is used commercially for malolactic fermentation in wines. Lactic acid bacterium used in wine production. Oenococcus oeni is another member of the lactic acid bacteria and it occurs naturally in marshes and similar environments. It carries out malolactic conversion during secondary fermentation in wine production which is the conversion of malic acid to lactic acid with a concomitant rise in pH, making the wine microbiologically stable and enhancing the sensory properties of the wine (aroma, flavor, and texture). The organism's high tolerance to sulfite and ethanol mean that it will be the predominant organism in the wine at the end of fermentation where it cleans up the remaining sugars and converts the bitter-tasting malic acid.