Query: NC_018704:81733 Amphibacillus xylanus NBRC 15112, complete genome Lineage: Amphibacillus xylanus; Amphibacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Amphibacillus xylanus is an alkaliphilic microorganism that grows at pH 8 - 10. This organism is also able to digest xylan aerobically and anaerobically. Facultative anaerobic, spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from alcaline compost of manure with grass and rice straw.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from a patient with severe leptospirosis during an epidemic in 1996. This organism is the causative agent of leptospirosis, a tropical zoonosis transmitted by direct contact with the urine of infected animals. This motile and obligately aerobic organism grows optimally at 28-30 C. Many serovars are adapted for specific mammalian reservoir hosts, which harbor the organisms in their renal tubules and shed them in their urine. Because of the large spectrum of animal species that serve as reservoirs, leptospirosis is considered to be the world's most widespread zoonotic disease.