Query: NC_018665:139646 Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Exiguobacterium antarcticum; Exiguobacterium; Bacillales Family XII; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Exiguobacterium antarcticum (strain B7) is a psychotropic Gram-positive bacterium isolated from microbial biofilm at Ginger Lake, located on King George Island, Antarctic peninsula.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.