Query: NC_018607:805966 Brachyspira pilosicoli B2904 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Brachyspira pilosicoli; Brachyspira; Brachyspiraceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria General Information: Brachyspira pilosicoli is an anaerobic spirochete that colonizes the large intestine of various species of birds and animals and humans. It attaches to colonic enterocytes in a condition called 'intestinal spirochetosis', characterized by mild colitis, diarrhea and reduced growth.
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General Information: This species was isolated from a microbial community colonizing the accessory nidamental gland of the squid Loligo peali (Atlantic squid) for their capacity to respire on sulfur. It was placed in the Shewanella genus based on physiological and biochemical characteristics and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Shewanella are ubiquitous in marine environment and play very important role in global carbon and nitrogen cycle. The present strain is moderately halophilic, requiring sodium ions for growth. Shewanella are facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, motile by polar flagella, rod-like, and generally associated with aquatic or marine environments.