Query: NC_018497:252374 Mycoplasma genitalium M6320 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Mycoplasma genitalium; Mycoplasma; Mycoplasmataceae; Mycoplasmatales; Tenericutes; Bacteria General Information: This genus currently comprizes more than 120 obligate parasitic species found in the wide spectrum of hosts, including humans, animals, insects and plants. The primary habitats of human and animal mycoplasmas are mucouse membranes of the respiratory and urogenital tracts, eyes, mammary glands and the joints. Infection that proceeds through attachment of the bacteria to the host cell via specialized surface proteins, adhesins, and subsequent invation, results in prolonged intracellular persistence that may cause lethality. Once detected in association with their eukaryotic host tissue, most of mycoplasmas can be cultivated in the absence of a host if their extremely fastidious growth requirements are met.
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General Information: Country: USA; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 28 - 36C; Habitat: Marine, Skin microflora. Strain DSM 20547, the type strain, is a free-living, nonmotile, Gram-positive bacterium, originally isolated from a marine environment in about 1944. It grows as spherical/coccoid and occurs predominantly in tetrads which can be arranged in cubical packets. It is non-encapsulated and does not form endospores, is strictly aerobic and chemoorganotrophic, requires methionine and other amino acids for growth, and grows well in NaCl at concentrations up to 10% (w/v). This organism is a normal commensal of human skin, however has been implicated in pitted keratolysis, pneumonia, and other opportunistic infections.