Query: NC_018000:1877183 Sinorhizobium fredii USDA 257 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Sinorhizobium fredii; Sinorhizobium; Rhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism, much like other Rhizobia, forms a symbiotic relationship with a leguminous plant, such as soybean, cowpea or pigeon pea. Expression of nodulation genes results in production of a nodulation signal which the plant cell recognizes inducing root nodule formation. The plant cell provides carbon compounds for the bacterium to grow on.
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General Information: Causes stunting in sugarcand and Bermuda grass. This species comprises two xylema-associated, fastidious, slow growing subspecies that cause ratoon stunting (growth-hindering) disease of sugarcane and Bermuda grass stunting disease, respectively. Pathogenicity has been associated with production of a toxin.