Query: NC_017511:884083 Neisseria gonorrhoeae TCDC-NG08107 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Neisseria; Neisseriaceae; Neisseriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: One of two pathogenic Neisseria, this species causes the sexually transmitted disease (STD) gonorrhea, which is the leading reportable STD in adults in the USA. This human-specific organism colonizes and invades the mucosal surface of the urogenital epithelium, crosses the epithelial barrier, and ends up multiplying on the basement membrane. The Opa proteins are responsible for the opaque colony phenotype due to the tight junctions between adjacent Neisseria, and are also responsible for tight adherence to host cells. This organism, like Neisseria meningitidis, is also naturally competent for DNA uptake.
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General Information: Ralstonia pickettii 12J was isolated from copper-contaminated sediment from a lake in Michigan, USA. In addition to being highly resistant to copper, strain 12J is also resistant to zinc and cadmium. Ralstonia pickettii can be isolated from a wide range of environmental and clinical samples. This species is a nocosomial pathogen. It is associated with infections caused by contaminated solutions, such as distilled water and intravenous solutions. Ralstonia pickettii strains resistant to heavy metals have also been isolated from heavy metal contaminated environments.