Query: NC_017506:3717261 Marinobacter adhaerens HP15 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Marinobacter adhaerens; Marinobacter; Alteromonadaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: Germany; Environment: marine water; Temp: 15C; Habitat: temperate shelf and sea biome; Isolation:German Wadden Sea. The marine bacterium strain HP15 was isolated from the German Wadden Sea. In order to isolate exclusively attached bacteria, aggregates (0.1 to 1 mm in diameter) were collected on a plankton net (0.1 mm pore size) from surface waters of 15 degrees C. Marine aggregates are densely colonized by bacteria from different taxonomic groups. Inter-specific interactions such as inhibition are important for colonization by aggregate-associated bacteria and thus affect the turnover of organic matter in the oceans. Strain HP15 is a colonizing bacterium which belongs to the Alteromonadaceae family within the class Gammaproteobacteria.
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General Information: Acidovorax sp. JS42, formerly Pseudomonas sp. JS42, was isolated from nitrobenzene-contaminated sediment and is capable of using 2-nitrotolulene as a sole carbon and energy source. 2-nitrotolulene, a nitroaromatic compound, is used in the manufacture of dyes, pigments and explosives. Nitroaromatic compounds, which contain an aromatic ring with one or more nitro groups attached, are a significant contaminant in industrial soils. Acidovorax sp. JS42 degrades 2-nitrotolulene by first removing the nitro moiety producing 3-methylcatechol. The enzyme involved in this process, 2-nitrotolulene dioxygenase, has been purified and characterized.