Query: NC_017506:2993679 Marinobacter adhaerens HP15 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Marinobacter adhaerens; Marinobacter; Alteromonadaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: Germany; Environment: marine water; Temp: 15C; Habitat: temperate shelf and sea biome; Isolation:German Wadden Sea. The marine bacterium strain HP15 was isolated from the German Wadden Sea. In order to isolate exclusively attached bacteria, aggregates (0.1 to 1 mm in diameter) were collected on a plankton net (0.1 mm pore size) from surface waters of 15 degrees C. Marine aggregates are densely colonized by bacteria from different taxonomic groups. Inter-specific interactions such as inhibition are important for colonization by aggregate-associated bacteria and thus affect the turnover of organic matter in the oceans. Strain HP15 is a colonizing bacterium which belongs to the Alteromonadaceae family within the class Gammaproteobacteria.
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General Information: Source of the antibiotic erythromycin. Saccharopolyspora erythraea is the soil bacterium that produces the industrially important antibiotic erythromycin A. Erythromycin is a clinically important and potent macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat infections caused by several prokaryotic pathogens such as Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Chlamydia and Legionella. Production of this antibiotic is lower than others in the same class, such as penicillin or cephalosporin, which has led to the development of a genetic system to attempt to enhance the production of erythromycin.