Query: NC_017506:2993679 Marinobacter adhaerens HP15 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Marinobacter adhaerens; Marinobacter; Alteromonadaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: Germany; Environment: marine water; Temp: 15C; Habitat: temperate shelf and sea biome; Isolation:German Wadden Sea. The marine bacterium strain HP15 was isolated from the German Wadden Sea. In order to isolate exclusively attached bacteria, aggregates (0.1 to 1 mm in diameter) were collected on a plankton net (0.1 mm pore size) from surface waters of 15 degrees C. Marine aggregates are densely colonized by bacteria from different taxonomic groups. Inter-specific interactions such as inhibition are important for colonization by aggregate-associated bacteria and thus affect the turnover of organic matter in the oceans. Strain HP15 is a colonizing bacterium which belongs to the Alteromonadaceae family within the class Gammaproteobacteria.
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General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.