Query: NC_017325:1897500 Sinorhizobium meliloti SM11 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Sinorhizobium meliloti; Sinorhizobium; Rhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism, much like other Rhizobia, forms a symbiotic relationship with a leguminous plant, in this case the alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa). Expression of nodulation genes results in production of a nodulation signal which the plant cell recognizes inducing root nodule formation. The plant cell provides carbon compounds for the bacterium to grow on.
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General Information: Plant symbiont bacterium. This organism contains a symbiosis island that is responsible for symbiotic relationships with plants (lotus) which is similar to what is observed with other Rhizobia that form similar relationships with legumes. The bacterium enters root nodules and performs nitrogen-fixation for the plant cell while being provided with a protective environment to grow in. Nitrogen fixation and root nodule formation genes are carried on a symbiosis island.