Query: NC_017275:1909403 Sulfolobus islandicus HVE10/4 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Sulfolobus islandicus; Sulfolobus; Sulfolobaceae; Sulfolobales; Crenarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Sulfolobus islandicus is a thermo-acidophilic archeae commonly identified in hot, acidic sulfur springs. This organism can grow both chemoautotrophically, using sulfur or hydrogen sulfide, and heterotrophically. S. islandicus can play host to a number of plasmids and viruses which may be useful in developing tools for genetic analysis. In addition, Sulfolobus islandicus isolates from different areas in Russia, Iceland, and the USA have been shown to be genetically distinct from each other making this organism useful for comparative analysis.
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General Information: Sulfolobus acidocaldarius DSM 639 was isolated from and acidic hot spring in Yellowstone National Park. Extreme thermoacidophilic sulfur-oxidizing archaeon. This organsim is an extreme thermoacidophilic, sulfur-oxidizing archaeon commonly found in hot springs growing at very high temperatures. This obligate aerobe is immotile and grows at a temperature of 55-85 degrees C with optimal growth at 70-75 degrees C. The pH for growth is 1-6 with an optimum pH 2-3.