Query: NC_017075:2689014 Rubrivivax gelatinosus IL144, complete genome Lineage: Rubrivivax gelatinosus; Rubrivivax; ; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Rubrivivax gelatinosus is the purple bacterium belonging to beta-proteobacteria, isolated from Japanese pond. Nitrogen fixation. Purple nonsulfur bacterium. Facultative photoheterotrophic betaproteobacterium. Aerobic growth and fermentative growth are also possible. Utilizes a diverse array of different carbon sources, including hydrolyzed starch and gelatin. Capable of fixing carbon and nitrogen. Isolated from food wastewater in Nagano, Japan.
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General Information: This strain (serovar O1) is an avian pathogenic strain and causes respiratory, blood, and enteric infections primarily in poultry. This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.