Query: NC_017075:2689014 Rubrivivax gelatinosus IL144, complete genome Lineage: Rubrivivax gelatinosus; Rubrivivax; ; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Rubrivivax gelatinosus is the purple bacterium belonging to beta-proteobacteria, isolated from Japanese pond. Nitrogen fixation. Purple nonsulfur bacterium. Facultative photoheterotrophic betaproteobacterium. Aerobic growth and fermentative growth are also possible. Utilizes a diverse array of different carbon sources, including hydrolyzed starch and gelatin. Capable of fixing carbon and nitrogen. Isolated from food wastewater in Nagano, Japan.
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General Information: This type strain came from a Chinese patient in Burma who had glanders in 1944. Causes glanders in horses. This organism is rarely associated with human infection, and is more commonly seen in domesticated animals such as horses, donkeys, and mules where it causes glanders, a disease first described by Aristotle. The pathogen is host-adapted and is not found in the environment outside of its host. Rapid-onset pneumonia, bacteremia (spread of the organism through the blood), pustules, and death are common outcomes during infection. No vaccine exists for this potentially dangerous organism.