Query: NC_016844:748117 Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum DAL-1 chromosome, complete Lineage: Treponema pallidum; Treponema; Spirochaetaceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria General Information: This organism is the causative agent of endemic and venereal syphilis. This sexual transmitted disease was first discovered in Europe at the end of the fifteenth century, however, the causative agent was not identified until 1905. At one time syphilis was the third most commonly reported communicable disease in the USA. Syphilis is characterized by multiple clinical stages and long periods of latent, asymptomatic infection. Although effective therapies have been available since the introduction of penicillin, syphilis remains a global health problem.
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General Information: This strain (A1501; CGMCC 0351) was isolated from rice roots that had been inoculated with strain A15 in a rice paddy in China. It is considered wild-type and has been studied for the nitrogen-fixation process and is used as an inoculant during rice cultivation. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. Pseudomonas stutzeri is a nonfluorescent denitrifying bacterium widely distributed in the environment.