Query: NC_016844:748117 Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum DAL-1 chromosome, complete Lineage: Treponema pallidum; Treponema; Spirochaetaceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria General Information: This organism is the causative agent of endemic and venereal syphilis. This sexual transmitted disease was first discovered in Europe at the end of the fifteenth century, however, the causative agent was not identified until 1905. At one time syphilis was the third most commonly reported communicable disease in the USA. Syphilis is characterized by multiple clinical stages and long periods of latent, asymptomatic infection. Although effective therapies have been available since the introduction of penicillin, syphilis remains a global health problem.
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General Information: This strain is a marine gamma-proteobacterium that was isolated from decaying Spartina alterniflora, a salt marsh cord grass, in the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Saccharophagus degradans 2-40 has been used to produce ethanol from plant material and may be useful for the production bioethanol. Bacterium able to degrade complex carbohydrates. Saccharophagus degradans is capable of degrading insoluble complex carbohydrates through the collective action of enzyme complexes found on its cell surfaces, utilizing the degradation products as a carbon source. This organism may be useful in bioremediation. The degradative enzymes this organism produces are typically exoenzymes that are collected and organized into large surface complexes termed cellulosomes.