Query: NC_016844:12545 Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum DAL-1 chromosome, complete Lineage: Treponema pallidum; Treponema; Spirochaetaceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria General Information: This organism is the causative agent of endemic and venereal syphilis. This sexual transmitted disease was first discovered in Europe at the end of the fifteenth century, however, the causative agent was not identified until 1905. At one time syphilis was the third most commonly reported communicable disease in the USA. Syphilis is characterized by multiple clinical stages and long periods of latent, asymptomatic infection. Although effective therapies have been available since the introduction of penicillin, syphilis remains a global health problem.
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General Information: Isolation: Human gingival crevice; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C. The bacteria are nonmotile, Gram-positive rods that occur singly, in pairs, and in short chains; the central part of the cell may swell particularly when grown on solid medium. This strain is microaerotolerant to anaerobic and grows optimally at 37 degrees Celsius. Olsenella uli (formerly Lactobacillus uli) has been isolated from human gingival crevices and periodontal pockets.