Query: NC_016776:449150 Bacteroides fragilis 638R, complete genome Lineage: Bacteroides fragilis; Bacteroides; Bacteroidaceae; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: This group of microbes constitute the most abundant members of the intestinal microflora of mammals. Typically they are symbionts, but they can become opportunistic pathogens in the peritoneal (intra-abdominal) cavity. Breakdown of complex plant polysaccharides such as cellulose and hemicellulose and host-derived polysaccharides such as mucopolysaccharides is aided by the many enzymes these organisms produce. Although only a minor component of the human gut microflora, this organism is a major component of clinical specimens and is the most common anaerobe isolated.
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General Information: Isolation: Anoxic muds of Mono Lake California; Country: USA; Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Fresh water. Bacillus selenitireducens MLS-10 was isolated from alkaline, hypersaline, arsenic-rich mud from Mono Lake, California. This organism can reduce arsenate, selenate, and selenite, making it a potential bioremediation agent. Bacillus selenitireducens produces intracellular and extracellular granules of elemental selenium when grown on selenite. The respiratory arsenate reductase has been purified, and is able to function at high pH and alkalinity.