Query: NC_016776:4115889 Bacteroides fragilis 638R, complete genome Lineage: Bacteroides fragilis; Bacteroides; Bacteroidaceae; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: This group of microbes constitute the most abundant members of the intestinal microflora of mammals. Typically they are symbionts, but they can become opportunistic pathogens in the peritoneal (intra-abdominal) cavity. Breakdown of complex plant polysaccharides such as cellulose and hemicellulose and host-derived polysaccharides such as mucopolysaccharides is aided by the many enzymes these organisms produce. Although only a minor component of the human gut microflora, this organism is a major component of clinical specimens and is the most common anaerobe isolated.
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General Information: This organism is able to reduce uranium and may be useful for in situ bioremediation of uranium. An iron(III)-reducing bacterium isolated from the uranium-contaminated subsurface of the U.S. Department of Energy NABIR Field Research Center (FRC), Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Several recent studies have verified using cultivation-independent methods that the Geobacteraceae are predominant in subsurface environments where dissimilatory metal reduction is important to the remediation of uranium and other contaminants.