Query: NC_016771:701909 Bacillus cereus NC7401, complete genome Lineage: Bacillus cereus; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a soil-dwelling opportunistic pathogen that causes food poisoning in infected individuals. The rapid onset is characterized by nausea and vomiting while the late onset is characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The emetic disease is caused by a small stable dodecadepsipeptide cerulide whereas the diarrheal disease is caused by a heat labile enterotoxin. Some strains produce a potent cytotoxin that forms a pore in the membrane of eukaryotic cells and causes necrotic enteritis (death of intestinal epithelial cells) while the unique tripartite membrane lytic toxin hemolysin BL contributes to the diarrheal disease and destructive infections of the eye.
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General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Fresh water; Isolation: Deep subsurface location at the Piceance Basin, Colorado, USA; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 60C. Thermoanaerobacter sp. (strain X513) is an anaerobic, extreme thermophilic Gram-positive bacterium isolated by anaerobic enrichment culture from a deep subsurface sample (2000 m below the surface) taken from a core hole at the Piceance Basin, Colorado, USA. It can use a variety of electron donors, including glucose, acetate, hydrogen and xylose while reducing iron, chromium and uranium at 60 degrees.