Query: NC_016630:864601 Filifactor alocis ATCC 35896 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Filifactor alocis; Filifactor; Peptostreptococcaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Filifactor alocis, originally known as Fusobacterium alocis, was first isolated in1985 from the human gingival crevice, and has since been discovered in patients suffering from chronic periodontitis, generalized aggressive, periodontitis and endodontic infections. It has also been isolated from feline soft tissue infections. It is a fastidious, Gram-positive obligately anaerobic rod. Bacteria in periodontal pockets develop complex sessile communities that attach to the tooth surface.
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General Information: Normal oral and gastrointestinal bacterium. This genus contains mostly obligately anaerobic bacilli. Many of the isolates are spindle-shaped, or fusiform. This organism belongs to the normal microflora of the human oral and gastrointestinal tracts. It is a very long and slender spindle-shaped bacillus with sharply pointed ends that is characterized by the ability to invade soft tissues. It acts as a bridge between early and late colonizers of the tooth surface, and exerts synergism with other bacteria in mixed infections. It is most frequently associated with periodontal diseases, as well as with some invasive human infections of the head and neck, chest, lung, liver and abdomen, and some anginas. One of the major amino acid and sugar fermentation pathways in Fusobacterium nucleatum produces butyric and acetic acids.