Query: NC_016622:82418 Azospirillum lipoferum 4B, complete genome Lineage: Azospirillum lipoferum; Azospirillum; Rhodospirillaceae; Rhodospirillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Azospirillum is a bacteria belonging to the order Rhodospirillales, associated with roots of monocots, including important crops, such as wheat, corn and rice. Azospirillum is the primary commercial phytostimulator inoculant for cereals worldwide. Azospirillum lipoferum 4B has been isolated from a rice field of Camargue (South of France) in 1982 and has been studied for its high efficiency in nitrogen fixation and for its successful properties of rice colonization and growth promotion.
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General Information: This organism is a nitrogen-fixing obligate endophyte first isolated from the roots of Kaller grass in the Punjab region of Pakistan. These organisms are never found in root-free soil and colonize root tissues without causing disease. This strain has been shown to express genes involved in nitrogen fixation in root tissue and is thought to provide significant amounts of nitrogen to its host plant.