Query: NC_016616:2997348 Dechlorosoma suillum PS chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Azospira oryzae; Azospira; Rhodocyclaceae; Rhodocyclales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Host, Soil; Isolation: sediment, swine waste primary lagoon; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C. Azospira oryzae (also called Dechlorosoma suillum) is a diazotrophic endophyte associated with roots of gramineae such as Kallar grass or several species of rice.
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General Information: Obligately chemolithoautotrophic, haloalkaliphilic, mesophilic, microaerophilic and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Uses CO2 as a carbon source and reduced inorganic sulfur compounds as an energy source. Utilizes ammonium and urea, but not nitrate or nitrite, as a N-source. Isolated from a full-scale Thiopaq bioreactor in the Netherlands used to remove H2S from biogas. Thioalkalivibrio species are commonly isolated from soda lakes and tend to dominate the microbial community of hypersaline soda lakes. These organisms have a pH optimum of 10 and are able to oxidize hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur. Thioalkalivibrio species have also been isolated from sulfide oxidizing bioreactors which remove sulfide from refinery and natural gas.