Query: NC_016602:173314 Vibrio furnissii NCTC 11218 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Vibrio furnissii; Vibrio; Vibrionaceae; Vibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Vibrio furnissii, formerly Vibrio fluvialis biovar II, is occassionally isolated from diarrheal cases, but it has not been confirmed as the causative agent in most cases. Vibrio furnissii is a widespread, free-living, marine bacterium that is associated with crustacean zoonoses and acute gastroenteritis in humans.
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General Information: This organism was discovered in 1819 by Bizio who named the organism after the Italian physicist Serrati. It was considered a nonpathogenic organism until late in the 20th century, although pathogenicity was noted as early as 1913. Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic human pathogen that is increasingly associated with life-threatening hospital-acquired infections. It is an environmental organism that has a broad host range, and is capable of infecting vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as plants. In humans, Serratia marcescens can cause meningitis (inflammation of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), endocarditis (inflammation of heart muscle) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys). Many strains are resistant to multiple antibiotics. Environmental isolates are noted by production of the red pigment prodigiosin.