Query: NC_016602:173314 Vibrio furnissii NCTC 11218 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Vibrio furnissii; Vibrio; Vibrionaceae; Vibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Vibrio furnissii, formerly Vibrio fluvialis biovar II, is occassionally isolated from diarrheal cases, but it has not been confirmed as the causative agent in most cases. Vibrio furnissii is a widespread, free-living, marine bacterium that is associated with crustacean zoonoses and acute gastroenteritis in humans.
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General Information: This serovar has a narrow host range and causes a typhoid-like (paratyphoid fever) illness in humans. It is especially prevalent in southern and eastern Asia, and has been associated with some particularly virulent outbreaks. A number of isolates are increasingly antibiotic resistant. Causes enteric infections. This group of Enterobactericiae have pathogenic characteristics and are one of the most common causes of enteric infections (food poisoning) worldwide. They were named after the scientist Dr. Daniel Salmon who isolated the first organism, Salmonella choleraesuis, from the intestine of a pig. The presence of several pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that encode various virulence factors allows Salmonella spp. to colonize and infect host organisms. There are two important PAIs, Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 and 2 (SPI-1 and SPI-2) that encode two different type III secretion systems for the delivery of effector molecules into the host cell that result in internalization of the bacteria which then leads to systemic spread.