Query: NC_016445:1027143 Vibrio cholerae O1 str. 2010EL-1786 chromosome 1, complete Lineage: Vibrio cholerae; Vibrio; Vibrionaceae; Vibrionales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This genus is abundant in marine or freshwater environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas; regions that provide an important reservoir for the organism in between outbreaks of the disease. Vibrio can affect shellfish, finfish, and other marine animals and a number of species are pathogenic for humans. Vibrio cholerae O1 str. 2010EL-1786 (ATCC BAA-2163) is a 2010 outbreak strain of Vibrio cholerae from Haiti. Isolated from stool sample from patient with cholera.
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General Information: This is the type strain for this organism, which was isolated from a hydrothermal vent at a depth of 1300 m from the Lo'ihi Seamount southeast of Hawaii. This organism grows optimally in salt concentrations of 7.5 to 10%. Genome comparison has suggested that the bacterium has maintained its amino acid transport and degradation systems but lost sugar transport and certain sugar metabolic genes suggesting that it lives on amino acids rather than sugars. This may be in keeping with the environment this organism grows in, which is at hydrothermal deep sea vents that are characterized by collections of proteinaceous particles. This organism may colonize these particles by producing exopolysaccharides.