Query: NC_016114:7116141 Streptomyces flavogriseus ATCC 33331 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Streptomyces pratensis; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Soil; Isolation: Soil; Temp: Mesophile. The genus Streptomyces consists of soil and water Gram positive filamentous bacteria well known for their ability to produce complex secondary metabolites including many antibiotics. Additionally they undergo complex multicellular development, with spores germinating to form a branched, multinucleoid substrate mycelium, which then produces an aerial mycelium which septates into uninucleoid spores. Streptomyces flavogriseus is an aerobic, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from soil. This organism produces cellulases and xyanases that are able to degrade cellulose and xylan.
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General Information: Environment: Soil, Terrestrial; Temp: Mesophile. Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade form a gray aerial spore mass and a grayish-yellow substrate mycelium on oatmeal agar, and produce aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin.