Query: NC_016114:648422 Streptomyces flavogriseus ATCC 33331 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Streptomyces pratensis; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Soil; Isolation: Soil; Temp: Mesophile. The genus Streptomyces consists of soil and water Gram positive filamentous bacteria well known for their ability to produce complex secondary metabolites including many antibiotics. Additionally they undergo complex multicellular development, with spores germinating to form a branched, multinucleoid substrate mycelium, which then produces an aerial mycelium which septates into uninucleoid spores. Streptomyces flavogriseus is an aerobic, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from soil. This organism produces cellulases and xyanases that are able to degrade cellulose and xylan.
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General Information: Social gliding soil bacterium. Stigmatella aurantica, commonly isolated from rotting wood and bark, is a member of a group of organisms called myxobacteria. These organisms have a complex development and differentiation life cycle. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100,000 cells. Stigmatella aurantica produces a number of compounds, such as aurafuron A and stigmatellin, which may be important as anti-cancer agents.