Query: NC_016113:11500 Streptomyces cattleya NRRL 8057 plasmid pSCAT, complete sequence Lineage: Streptomyces cattleya; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Streptomyces cattleya, a producer of the antibiotics thienamycin and cephamycin C, is one of the rare bacteria known to synthesize fluorinated metabolites. Gram-positive bacterium originally isolated from soil. The bacterium Streptomyces cattleya has become an organism of interest due to its ability to produce various antibiotics (thienamycin, cephamycin C, penicillin N) and to excrete the fluorinated antibiotic 4-fluorothreonine when cultivated in the presence of fluorine.
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General Information: While pathogenic on Arabidopsis thaliana, it is mainly characterized as causing bacterial speck disease on tomato plants, which has a large economic impact. This organism is mainly endophytic and is a poor colonizes of plant surfaces but can multiply within the host. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This species includes many plant pathogens of important crops, which makes it a model organism in plant pathology. Its natural environment is on the surface of plant leaves and it can withstand various stressful conditions, like rain, wind, UV radiation and drought. It can colonize plants in a non-pathogenic state and can rapidly take advantage of changing environmental conditions to induce disease in susceptible plants by shifting gene expression patterns.