Query: NC_016111:167949 Streptomyces cattleya NRRL 8057, complete genome Lineage: Streptomyces cattleya; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Streptomyces cattleya, a producer of the antibiotics thienamycin and cephamycin C, is one of the rare bacteria known to synthesize fluorinated metabolites. Gram-positive bacterium originally isolated from soil. The bacterium Streptomyces cattleya has become an organism of interest due to its ability to produce various antibiotics (thienamycin, cephamycin C, penicillin N) and to excrete the fluorinated antibiotic 4-fluorothreonine when cultivated in the presence of fluorine.
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General Information: Source of the antibiotic erythromycin. Saccharopolyspora erythraea is the soil bacterium that produces the industrially important antibiotic erythromycin A. Erythromycin is a clinically important and potent macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat infections caused by several prokaryotic pathogens such as Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Chlamydia and Legionella. Production of this antibiotic is lower than others in the same class, such as penicillin or cephalosporin, which has led to the development of a genetic system to attempt to enhance the production of erythromycin.